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Breakthrough from Scotland - A review of the evidence on the physical punishment of children
“The international evidence could not be any clearer – physical punishment has the potential to damage children and carries the risk of escalation into physical abuse.”
Written by: Dr Anja Heilmann, Prof. Yvonne Kelly, Prof. Richard G Watt
A positive start in life provides the foundations for good health and wellbeing. A supportive, nurturing and loving family environment is particularly important in early childhood to encourage and enable children to develop and reach their full potential. Wider society has a key role in protecting children through the creation of supportive conditions for families to flourish.
Unfortunately in Scotland and across the UK many children do not have the best start in life. For many children, physical punishment is still part of their upbringing. This is despite the fact that physical punishment violates children’s human rights according to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
This excellent report has conducted a comprehensive review of the evidence on just how prevalent the physical punishment of children is, and what its effects are on the child and family. The evidence presented here is both alarming and compelling.
Despite a steady decline in recent decades, physical punishment remains a common occurrence in many families in the UK. Public attitudes are however changing, with a noticeable shift towards viewing physical punishment as unacceptable in modern society. This review has presented very strong and consistent evidence of the harmful effects of physical punishment on children and their families.
Here's What Getting Spanked as a Kid Did to Your Personality, According to Science
If you got spanked as a kid, it probably didn't do you any good. In fact, it may have made your behavior even worse, new research suggests.
The more kids get spanked, the more likely they are to "defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties," according to experts at the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Michigan.
The study focused on "what most Americans would recognize as spanking, and not on potentially abusive behaviors," researcher Elizabeth Gershoff said in a statement. Spanking was defined as "an open-handed hit on the behind or extremities."
The results were not good: Gershoff and her co-author, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, discovered that the more adults were spanked as children, the more likely the were to develop a range of negative outcomes later in life — including mental health issues.
"We found that spanking was associated with unintended detrimental outcomes and was not associated with more immediate or long-term compliance, which are parents' intended outcomes when they discipline their children," Gershoff said.
Adults who were spanked as children were also "more likely to support physical punishment for their own children." On and on goes the cycle.
But it gets worse: Gershoff and Grogan-Kaylor also compared the negative effects of spanking with those of "physical abuse" against children. Both were associated with the same harmful outcomes, according to the news release.
"We as a society think of spanking and physical abuse as distinct behaviors," Gershoff said. "Yet our research shows that spanking is linked with the same negative child outcomes as abuse, just to a slightly lesser degree."
And yet spanking continues: In 2010, researchers at the University of North Carolina published the results of a 2002 survey on corporal punishment. Nearly 80% os U.S. preschoolers experienced spanking as a form of discipline, and nearly half of 8- and 9-year-olds were hit with objects such as paddles or switches.
A 2013 poll found that 81% of Americans "say parents spanking their children is sometimes appropriate," according to NBC News.
If those numbers sound high, know that corporal punishment inside the home is "technically legal" in all 50 states, NBC News reported:
"Statutes vary from state to state but generally say that the physical punishment must be reasonable or not excessive, although Delaware passed a law in 2012 that said it couldn't cause any injury or pain. Proposed legislative bans in several states have failed to pass, and courts have generally upheld parents' right to spank."
Laws aside, the researchers hope their findings will make parents think twice about spanking their kids.
"We hope that our study can help educate parents about the potential harms of spanking and prompt them to try positive and non-punitive forms of discipline," Gershoff said.
Read more about "Risks of Harm by Spanking"
Original Article: https://www.yahoo.com/news/heres-getting-spanked-kid-did-170100836.html